A new whitepaper that Microsoft researchers are set to present at a conference next month sheds more light on Microsoft’s back-end cloud infrastructure.

The paper, entitled, “SCOPE: Easy and Efficient Parallel Processing of Massive Data Sets,” details a new declarative scripting language that is optimized for storing and analyzing massive data sets (like search logs and click streams) that are key to cloud-scale service architectures.  SCOPE, or Structure Computations Optimized for Parallel Execution, is the name of the language.

According to the paper — which Microsoft is on tap to present at the VLDB 2008 conference in late August — SCOPE doesn’t require explicit parallelism, but it will be “amenable to efficient parallel execution” across large clusters. SCOPE is like SQL, but with C# extensions, the paper says.